to XVI dynasty

XVIIth Dynasty 1619 - 1534
( Thebes )

to XVIII dynasty

The dynasty was a continuation of the Theban Dynasty XIII and likewise was paying tribute to the Hyksos that held rule in Delta and central Egypt. The earlier rulers of the Dynasty made no apparent attempt to challange the authority of the Hyksos, and an uneasy truce existed  between the two lineages for some time. Some of the kings of the XVIIth Dynasty were known as Intef, and their large and heavy coffins with vulture-wing feathered decoration have been found at Thebes in the area of the Dra Abu el-Naga. Last rulers of this Dynasty, Seqenenre Tao II and his two sons  - Kamose and Ahmose, overthrew the Hyksos invader and restored Egyptian independence.
To view the transcription of kings titulary properly, please download and install transliteration font.

1

1619 - 1616
1571-1566 (Ryholt)
1625-1622 (Krauss, Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna

Intef V

  • Hr nfr-xprw , xpr-xprw
  • hrw-Hr-nst.f
  • ...-nTrw
  • nbw-xpr-ra
  • ini-it.f , ini.it.f nxt , ini.tw.f ,nbw-xpr-ra sA-ra ini-it.f
nbw-xpr-ra Nebukheperre (Golden Is The Manifestation Of Re)

 ini.it.f nxt
 ini-it.f  Intef

Tomb of Intef mentioned in the Abbot papyrus was discovered in 1860 by A. Mariette in Western Thebes at the Dra Abu el-Naga necropolis. Presumably to Intef belonged the sarcophagus which recently is in London and king’s mummy fell into pieces at the moment of its discovery. Intef’s wife was queen Sebekemsaf, daughter of prince of Edfu. Traces of the king’s building activities are found at Koptos, Abydos and Karnak. So called decree of Koptos, issued by Intef in the year 3 of his rule announced dismissal of the mayor Teti who was supposed to favor the foes.

2

1616 - 1613
1622-1619 (Franke)
1580-1576 (Ryholt)
Tablica genealogiczna

Rahotep

  • Hr wAH-anx
  • wsr-rnpwt
  • wAD-...
  • sxm-ra wAH-xaw
  • ra-Htp(w) (sA-ra)

 sxm-ra wAH-xaw Sekhemre Wahkhau

ra-Htp(w) Rahotep

ra-Htp(w) (sA-ra) Rahotep (Re Is Satisfied ; Son Of Re)

Theban ruler mentioned on stelae of Koptos and Abydos and royal table of Karnak. He was related to Sebekemsaf II through marriage of his son, Ameny with Sebekemsaf’s daughter.

3

1613 - 1597
1619-1603 (Franke)
1566-1559 (Ryholt)
Tablica genealogiczna

Sebekemsaf I
  • Hr Htp-nTrw
  • aS(A)-xprw
  • inq-tAwi
  • sxm-ra wAD-xaw
  • sbk-m-sA.f

 sxm-ra wAD-xaw Sekhemre (Powerful Is Re)

 sbk-m-sA.f Sebekemsaf (Sobek Is His Protection)

 

According to partially damaged inscription in Turin Canon this king ruled 16 years. He was father of Sebekemsaf II.  His building activities are known in Theban region, Abydos and on Elephantine. To him are ascribed  graffitos at Wadi Hammamat. Burial place of the king is tomb at Dra Abu el-Naga, plundered by local population.

4

1597
1648-1645 (Ryholt)
1602
(Franke)

Djehuti

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra smn-tAwi(Tur 11.3)
  • DHwti

 sxm-ra smn-tAwi Sekhemre Smentawi  (Powerful Is Re)

 DHwti Djehuty

Existence of this ruler is disclosed in few monuments: stone blocks discovered at the courtyard of the temple of Horus at Edfu, case for canopic jars of Dra Abu el-Naga, presently stored in Berlin, and stone block of a temple at Deir el-Ballas. He is also mentioned in the Table of Karnak. Ryholt assigned him to the XVI Dynasty.

5

1596
1628-1627 (Ryholt)
1601
(Franke)

Mentuhotep VII

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sanx.n-ra , sanx.[n]-ra (Tur.11.4)
  • mnTw-Htpw

 sanx.n-ra Sankhenre

 mnTw-Htpw Mentuhotep (Montu Is Satisfied)

Short reign of this ruler and a minor role of regent in part of Tebaida are confirmed by a few artifacts: two sphinxes of Edfu, stele of Karnak and some scarabs. His wife was presumably Satmut and his son was Herunefer. Ryholt assigned him to the XVI Dynasty.

6

1595 - 1576
1627-1601 (Ryholt)
1601-1582 
(Franke)

Nibiraw I  ( Nibirierawet I )

  • Hr swAD-tAwy
  • nTri-xprw
  • nfr-xaw
  • swAD.n-ra
  • nb-iri-r-Aw(t) , ra-nb-iri-Awt (Tur.11.5)

 swAD.n-ra Swadjenre

ra-nb-iri-Aw(t) Nibirawre (Lord Of All, Re)

 nb-iri-r-Aw(t) Nibiraw (Lord Of All, Re)

The ruler to whom Turin Canon assigns 19 years of rule. To times of Nibiraw is dated famous stela discovered at Karnak in 1927 and containing treaty of giving an office of mayor of El-Kab by Sebeknakht and his descendants. Other known artifacts include scarabs with the king’s name and dagger found in a tomb by Dispolis Parva. Ryholt assigned him to the XVI Dynasty.

7

1576
1601 (Ryholt)
1582 (Franke)

Nibiraw II  ( Nibirierawet II )

  • Hr Dd-xprw
  • Dd-mswt
  • bA(?)-nfr(?)
  • nfr-kA-ra
  • nb-iri-Aw , ra-nb-iri-Awt (Tur.11.6)

 ra-nb-iri-Awt Nibirawre (Lord Of All, Re)

Turin Canon gives to this ruler a short period of rule, no longer than 5 month. It has been suggested that double mentioning of a name in Turin Canon is accidental and thus there would have been only one king Nibiraw. In A.Leahy opinion a sarcophagus of Osiris, ascribed to king Nibiraw II and discovered in tomb of Djer at Abydos and seal of Uronarti Island in Nubia, belonged to king Khendjer of dynasty XIII.

8

1575
1601-1600 (Ryholt)
1580 (Franke)

Semenenre

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • smn.n-ra (Tur.11.7)
  • ... ...

 smn.n-ra Semenenre

This ruler’s existence is testimonied only in Turin Canon and an ax, stored now in London. Ryholt assigned him to the XVI Dynasty.

9

1574 - 1566
1580-1572 (Franke)

Seweserenre

  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • swsr.n-ra (Tur.11.8) , wsr.n-ra

  • ... ...

 swsr.n-ra Suserenre

The ruler identified with Beb-Anch, traditionally ascribed to the dynasty XVII. A part of stela found in 1984 near galena mine at Gebel Zait at the Red Sea gives evidence of both these names. Suserenre left after him traces of building activities at Medamud – extension of a temple.

10

1566 - 1559
1576-1573 (Ryholt)
1570 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna

Sebekemsaf II

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra Sd-tAwi , sxm-ra Sd-wAst (Tur.11.9
  • sbk-m-sA.f

 sxm-ra Sd-tAwi Sekhemre Shedtawi (Powerful Re - Rescuer Of Two Lands)

 sbk-m-sA.f  Sebekemsaf (Sobek Is His Protection)

Son of Sebekemsaf I and queen Nubemhat. He was famous for protocol of Theban commission for tomb robberies, drawn up in times of Ramesses IX. Few monuments are dated to times of Sebeknemsaf’ rule (mainly stelae and statues) found in Theban area. Ryholt assigned him to the XVI Dynasty.

11

1559 - 1549
1570-1560 (Franke)
1573-1571 (Ryholt)
Tablica genealogiczna

 

Intef VI ( the Elder )

  • Hr wp-mAat
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra wp-mAa[t]
  • ini-it.faA , ini.tw.faA

 sxm-ra wp-mAa[t] Sekhemre Wepmaat (Powerful Re)

 ini-it.faA Intef (Intef The Great)

Among tomb equipment AT the necropolis Dra Abu El-Naga in Western Thebes survived only : pyramidion, golden sarcophagus and canopic jars container. Intef VI was brother of Intef VII, as the inscription on the sarcophagus shows. Presumably he was son of his predecessor Sebekemsaf III.

12

1548
1560 (Franke)
1568 (Ryholt)
Tablica genealogiczna

 

Intef VII

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra hrw-Hr-mAat
  • ini-it.f

 sxm-ra hrw-Hr-mAat  Sekhemre Herwhormaat (Powerful Re ;  Who Is Satisfied, Maat)

 ini-it.f Intef

Brother of preceding him Intef VI, whose burial he prepared. He died early after short rule and was buried in provisional sarcophagus. In von Beckerath opinion Intef VII might have been murdered.

13

1548 - 1545
1560 (Franke)
1559-1558 (Murnane, Ryholt)

Tablica genealogiczna

Snakhtenre Tao I

  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • snxt.n-ra , sxnt.n-ra

  • tA-aAaA

 

 sxnt.n-ra Snakhtenre (Perpetuated Like Re)

 tA-aAaA Tao ([Thot] Is The Great)

        Husband of queen Tetisheri, father of Seqenenre Tao II. Proofs of this ruler’s existence are found in inscriptions on royal table of Karnak and in tomb of Khabekhnet (TT2) in Deir el-Medina, as well as in Ken’ votive table of Thebes. It is thought that Snakhtenre gave rise to new dynasty of Dendera that had nothing to do with Antefs and Sebeknemsafs. C. Vanderlsleyen suggested that the name tA-aAaA Taa (Tao) never belonged to Snachtenre.

14

1545 - 1540
till 1545 (Franke)
1558-1554 (Murnane)
1558-1554 (Dodson, Ryholt)

Tablica genealogicznaMumia

Seqenenre Tao II ( The Brave )

  • Hr xai-m-wAst
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sqni.n-ra
  • tA-aA , tA-aAqnw

 sqni.n-ra Seqenenre (Who Strikes Like Re)

 tA-aA Tao (Taakenu) ([Thot] Is The Great)

Son of Snakhtenre and queen Tetisheri. The name of Seqenenre is mentioned in Deir el-Bahari, Karnak, Theban tombs of nobles and numerous royal or private items found all over Theban area. Papyrus Sallier I describes conflict of Theban ruler with Hyksos king Apopi. He died in battle with Hyksossos as can be deduced from disheveled state of his mummy found in DB320 cache at Deir el-Bahari. Burial place – tomb at Dra Abu el-Naga.
 

    Head of Sekenenre’s mummy, smashed by weapon.

Head of Sekenenre's mummy, smashed by weapon.

15

1540 - 1534
1571-1569 (Redford)
1545-1539/30 (Franke)
1554-1549 (Murnane, Ryholt)
1553-1549 (Dodson)

Tablica genealogiczna

Kamose

  • Hr xai-Hr-nst.f , nfr-XAb-tAwi , sDfA-tAwi

  • wHm-mnw

  • shrw-tAwi

  • wAD-xpr-ra (nxt)

  • kA-msi(w) nxt , kA-msi(w)

 wAD-xpr-ra Wadjkheperre (Flourishing Is The Manifestation Of Re)

 kA-msi(w) Kamose (Ka Is Born)

Son of Seqenenre Tao I by queen Ahhotep I, brother of Ahmose. Excellent warrior with strategic skills. He continued violent battle with Hyksos for restoration of sovereignty of the whole land. He made war campaigns in Nubia reaching as far as Toshka so that he could focus on relieve successive parts of the Delta. His heroic deeds are recorded in two famous stelae. Burial place of the ruler was probably tomb at Dra Abu el-Naga, discovered in 1857 by A. Mariette and containing unpretentious sarcophagus and damaged mummy. The ruler must have died suddenly and at young age.

to XVI dynasty

to XVIII dynasty

Copyright 2000-2016 Dariusz Sitek, Czestochowa - Chicago - Ann Arbor