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to XII dynasty

XIIIth Dynasty 1776 - c.1625
 ( Memphis, Thebes )

to XIV dynasty

A period of decay and disarray of the nationhood throughout which at least 5 „dynasties”, or rather „royal families” may be distinguished. They were ruling at different parts of the Upper Egypt. They “held reigns” usually ephemerally and concurrently with others. Below there are presented those of rulers who laid a claim to a royal titulary and of whom we are able to say anything. Some of the names are possibly different names of the same person.
To view the transcription of kings titulary properly, please download and install transliteration font.

1

1776 - 1774
1786-1783 (Redford)
1766-1764 (Ryholt)
1759-1757 (Franke ; Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)
Ugaf
  • Hr sxm-nTrw
  • xai-bAw
  • mry-[tAwi]
  • xwi-tAwi-ra
  • wgA.f
xwi-tAwi-ra Khwitawyre (Re Protects The Two Lands)
wgA.f  Ugaf
Up to now are preserved some artifacts dated back to this ruler’s times that corroborate Egyptian dominance in Nubia then. They are located near the IInd Cataract. Later notes concerning Ugaf are found in Turin Canon and Royal Table of Karnak and at block from temple of Montu at Medamud as well as Rubenson’s badge dated to the Late Period. D. Franke believes that Ugaf might had been military commander before he overtook the rule.

2

1773 - 1768
1800-1796 (Ryholt)
1783-1780 (Redford)

1757-1752 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna
Amenemhat Senbuf
  • Hr mH-ibtAwi
  • iTi-sxm.f
  • ... ...
  • sxm-kA-ra (Tur.6.6)
  • imn-m-HAt snb.f
sxm-kA-ra  Sekhemkare (Powerful Of Ka, Re)
imn-m-HAt snb.f  Amenemhat Senbuf (Amun Is At The Head ; He Is Wholesome ; Amon is Foremost)
Turin Canon gives 3 years of rule. Some relics were found as: stone blocks of Tod, a seal, scarab, inscriptions from Semna and Aksut, statue of the temple on Elephantine.

3

1767 - 1761
1775-1772 (Ryholt)
1752-1746 (Franke)

Sekhemre Khutawi
  • Hr xai-bAw
  • wHm-Dd
  • anx-rnpwt
  • sxm-ra xwi-tAwi
  • pA-n-Tni(?)
 sxm-ra xwi-tAwi  Sekhemre Khutawi (Powerful is Re ; Protector of the Two Lands)

pA-n-Tni Panteni

Turin Canon mentions 6 years of. His existence is also proved by papyri of Illahun and Nilometer of Semna in Nubia, as well as royal plate of Karnak and artifacts of Bubastis, Uronarti and Kerma.

4

1761 - 1758
1796-1793 (Ryholt)
1746-1743 (Franke)

Tablica genealogiczna

Amenemhat V
  • Hr sanx-tAwi
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-kA-ra
  • imn-<ra>-m-HAt (Tur.6.7)
 sxm-kA-ra  Sekhemkare (Powerful Of Ka, Re)

  

imn-m-HAt  Amenemhat  (Amun Is At The Head)

Detlef Franke is questioning the existence of Amenemhat. In his opinion second and fourth ruler of this dynasty are the same person, reigning ca. 1750 BC.

5

1758 - 1757
1743-1742 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna
 

Ameni Kemaw ( Sehetepibre )
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sHtp-ib-ra (Tur.6.8)
  • imny qmAw
sHtp-ib-ra  Sehetepibre (Satisfied Is The Heart Of Re)

 imny qmAw  Ameni Kemaw

The ruler authenticated by cylindrical seal and on recently discovered fragment of stele of galenite mine in Gebel Zeit at Red Sea. In opinion of Kim Ryholt Ameni Kemau (1793-1791) & Sehetepibre (1783-1781) are two different kings. Remains of pyramid and sarcophagus belonging to this king were discovered in 1957 on the necropolis at Dahshur.

6

1756
1788 (Ryholt)
1741 (Franke)

Iufeni
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • iw.f-n.i (Tur.6.9)
  • ... ...

 iw.f-n.i  Iufeni  (He Belongs To Me)

King whose name He belongs to me is confirmed only by Turin Canon.

7

1756 - 1750
1788-1785 (Ryholt)
1730-1724 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna
Amenemhat VI
  • Hr shrw-tAwi
  • sxm-xaw
  • HqA-mAat
  • sanx-ib-ra (Tur.6.10)
  • imny (sA) ini-iti.f (sA) imn-m-HAt
sanx-ib-ra  Sankhibre (The Heart Of The Re Lives)
imny (sA) ini-iti.f  Ameni Intef
imn-m-HAt  Amenemhat (Amon Is At The Head)
Turin Canon and Table of Karnak give evidence to this ruler. His name was inscribed also on stone block from architrave at Heliopolis and cylindrical seals.

8

1750 - 1748
1785-1783 (Ryholt)
c.1738/39 (Franke)

Nebnun ( Semenkare )
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • smn-kA-ra (Tur.6.11)
  • nb-nwn
smn-kA-ra  Semenkare  (Ka Is The Strengthened Power Of Re)

nb-nwn  Nebnun  ([My] Lord Is Nun)

Throne name of this ruler smn-kA-ra known of Turin Canon meant Ka is the strengthened power of Re. In faience stela of temple of Gebel Zeit discovered in 1984 is disclosed birth name Nebnun – [My] Lord is Nun, which indicates that this ruler used galenite mines in Eastern Mountains.

9

1748 - 1745
1791-1788 (Ryholt)
c.1738 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna
Hornedjheriotef
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • Htp-ib-ra , <s>Htp-ib-ra (Tur.6.12)
  • qmAw sA Hr-nD-Hr-it.f
 <s>Htp-ib-ra  Sehetepibre (Satisfied Is The Heart Of Re)
Htp-ib-ra  Hetepibre  (Satisfied Heart, Re)
qmAw sA Hr-nD-Hr-it.f  Hornedjheriotef  (Horus Protects His Father)
A ruler presumably of Asiatic origin, his name, recorded in Turin Canon meant Horus protects his father. Only remains of his palace at Tell el-Daba remained to date. To this king is ascribed also a scarab found at Jerycho.

10

1745 - 1743
1781 (Ryholt)

Sewadjkare
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • swAD-kA-ra (Tur.6.13)
  • ... ...

swAD-kA-ra  Sewadjkare  (Re of Refreshing Ka)

Name of this ruler, mentioned solely in Turin canon, means Re of refreshing Ka.

11

1742
1780 (Ryholt)
1736 (Franke)

 

Nedjemibre
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • nDm-ib-ra (Tur.6.14)
  • ... ...

nDm-ib-ra  Nedjemibre  (Pleasant Is The Hart Of Re)

This regent of throne name nDmib-ra Pleasant is the hart of Re is documented in Turin Canon. To him are also ascribed two scarabs, on of Memphis and second of Asia Minor.

12

1741 - 1738
1780-1777 (Ryholt)
ok.1750 (Grimal)

 

Sebekhotep I
  • Hr smA-tAwi
  • Dd-xaw
  • kAw-nTrw
  • xai-anx-ra
  • sbk-ra-Htp(w) (Tur.6.15)

xai-anx-ra  Khyankhre (Livingywe Incarnation Of Re)

sbk-ra-Htp(w)  Sebekhotep (Sobek Is Pleased)
Turin Canon mentions birth name of this king - sbk-ra-Htp(w) Sobek is pleased. His throne xai-anx-ra means Livingywe incarnation of Re. The ruler is also mentioned in Royal Table of Karnak. On stela of Abydos is preserved his Horus name - Hr smA-tAwi - Horus the one who unifies the Two Lands, Nebti name - Dd-xaw - Of lasting incarnations and the Golden Horus name - kAw-nTrw - The Ka strengths of Gods.

13

1736
1777 (Ryholt)
Tablica genealogiczna
Reniseneb
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • rn(.i)-snb(w) (Tur.6.16)
rn(.i)-snb(w) Reniseneb  (My Name Is Healthy)
Name that means My name is healthy appears only in Turin Canon with notion that this king ruled 4 months.

14

1736 - 1731
1777-1775 (Ryholt)
1732 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna
Hor I
  • Hr Htp-ib-tAwi
  • nfr-xaw
  • nfr-nTrw
  • Aw(t)-ib-ra , Awt-ib-ra (Tur.6.17)
  • Hr , sA-ra Hr
Aw(t)-ib-ra Awtibre 
Hr  Hor (Son Of Re, Horus)
With no doubt this king was fond of person of Amenemhat III. This is confirmed both by Hor’s canopic jars sealed with the name of Amenemhat and incredible care he put to burial place of this great pharaoh. Hor ordered to renovate the pyramid of Amenemhat III at Dahshur. Himself he wanted to be buried in unused shaft tomb in northern site of this pyramid. This tomb was discovered in 1894 by J. de Morgan and yielded remains of burial and funerary equipment.

15

1731 - 1724
1769-1766 (Ryholt)
1731-1724 (Franke)
1753-1748 (Hornung, Krauss, Warburton
Tablica genealogiczna

Amenemhat VII
  • Hr Hri-tp-tAwi
  • nTri-bAw
  • aA-pHti
  • sDfA-kA-ra
  • kAy (sA?) imn-m-HAt

sDfA-kA-ra Sedjefakare

kAy (sA?) imn-m-HAt  Amenemhat  (Amon Is Foremost)

The ruler mentioned on basis of the monument sacred to god Montu, on cylindrical seals, scarab and graffito in pyramid of queen Chuit at Sakkara.

16

1724 - 1718
1760-1756 (Redford)
1724-1718 (Franke)
1737-1733 (Hornung, Krauss, Warburton
Sebekhotep II Amenemhat
  • Hr mnx...
  • ... ...
  • anx-nTrw
  • sxm-ra xwi-tAwi
  • imn--m-HAt (sA?) sbk-Htp(w) , sxm-ra xwi-tAwi sbk-Htp(w) (Tur.6.19)
sxm-ra xwi-tAwi Sekhemre Khuitawi 
 imn--m-HAt (sA?) sbk-Htp(w) Amenemhat Sebekhotep (Amon Is Foremost ; Sobek Is Pleased)
Son of Amenemhat VIII and queen Nubhetepti, carrying double name of Amenemhat-Sebekhotep. According to J. von Beckerath who assigns to this ruler the Bulak papyrus 18, he used to rule at least 3 years. Based on Brooklyn Papyrus 35.1446, S. Quirke extended this period by next two years. Traces of building activities of Sebekhotep II are found in Theban district, Gebelein and Kerma. D. Franke assigns to Sebekhotep a pyramid (Ai I ?) located south-east of Khendjer’s pyramid in Southern Sakkara.

17

1718 - 1712
1764-1759 (Ryholt)
1756-1751 (Redford)

1718-1712 (Franke)
 1732-1728 (Hornung, Krauss, Warburton
Tablica genealogiczna
Khendjer
  • Hr Dd-Hprw
  • Dd-msw(t)
  • bik-aA (?)
  • wsr-kA-ra , ni-mAa-n-xa-ra (?) , ni-mAa-nt(?)-ra
  • xnDr (xnsr ?) , wsr-[kA]-ra xnDr (Tur.6.20)
wsr-kA-ra Userkare  (Ka Of Re Is Strong)
xnDr Khendjer
Burial place – pyramid at North Saqqara, primarily 37 m high, angle of slope 55 o, crowned with pyramidion of black granite, surrounded with outer and internal brick-wall. The complex consisted also of mortuary temple, north chapel and queen’s pyramid.  Inside the pyramid there was a row of passages with uncommon system of blocades and arrangements securing the chamber which itself was hollowed out of a 60 t block of quartzite. The existence of the pharaoh Khendjer is recorded on two papyri, of Brooklyn and Bulak-18. In the Turin Canon no information about lenght of his reign.

Ruin of pyramid at Saqqara

18

1712 - 1710
1759-? (Ryholt)
c.1711 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna

Imiramesha (Mermesha)
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • smnx-kA-ra , [smnx-kA]-ra (Tur.6.21)
  • imi-rA-mSaw

smnx-kA-ra Semenkhkare

imi-rA-mSaw Imiramesha  (Commander Of The Army ; General)
J. von Beckerath suggests that name of the ruler which meant Commander of the army was primarily a title adequate to his function and became his name at the moment of his taking the rule. To the king are devoted to colossal sitting statues of Tanis (placed primarily at Memphis) and usurped later by Apopis. He ruled presumably for 2-3 years.

19

1709
1710 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna

Intef IV
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sHtp-kA-ra , Htp-kA-ra , [sHtp]-kA-ra (Tur.6.22)
  • ini.it.f

sHtp-kA-ra Sehetepkare 

ini.it.f Intef
Ruler whose name is mentioned in the Turyn Canon, statue of Medinet Maadi and scarabs.

20

1708
?-1749 (Ryholt)
 

Seth I 
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ...-ib-[ra] stH (Tur.6.23)

...-ib-[ra] stH  ...ibre Seth 
Inscription of the name remained only on a fragment of Turin Canon. Presumably he ruled very shortly.

c

Ibi II
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • iby

iby Ibi

d

ok.1740 (Franke)

Aakeni
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • aA-qni(w)

  

aA-qni(w) Aakeni

Name of this ruler, meaning the brave donkey appears merely in genealogy of priests at Memphis. In Backerath opinion this name comes from Seth is Brave, and was altered to this form at the time of excommunication of the god Seth.

21

1708 - 1705
1749-1747 (Redford)
1749-1742 (Ryholt)
ok.1745 (Grimal)
1708-1705 (Franke)
1725-1722 (Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)

Tablica genealogiczna

Sebekhotep III
  • Hr xwi-tAwi
  • xai-m-sxm.f
  • Htp-Hr-mAat
  • sxm-ra swAD-tAwi
  • sbk-Htp(w) , sxm-ra swAD-tAwi sbk-Htp(w) (Tur.6.24)

sxm-ra swAD-tAwi Sekhemre Swadjtawi (Powerful Is Re ; He Makes To Flourish The Two Lands)

 sbk-Htp(w) Sebekhotep (Pleasing To The God Sobek ; Sobek Is Satisfied)

Son of Mentuhotep and Juhetibu. Scarabs and inscriptions on the island Sekhel as well as inscriptions on rock near Hermonthis explain genealogy of Sebekhotep’s family. At the beginning of his rule he probably sent military expeditions to Asia. His building activity focused mainly around Theban district, Bubastis, Sekhel and Elephantine. The Turin Canon assigns to him one year, one month and two days of rule.

22

1705 - 1694
1747-1736 (Redford)
1742-1731 (Ryholt)
1741-1730 (Grimal)
1738-1727 (Malek)

1721-1710 (Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)
1696-1686 (Lehner)

Tablica genealogiczna
Neferhotep I
  • Hr grg-tAwi
  • wp-mAat
  • mn-mrwt
  • xai-sxm-ra
  • nfr-Htp
 xai-sxm-ra Khaisekhemre  (Powerful Is Soul Of Re)
nfr-Htp Neferhotep (Beautiful And Pleased)
Turin Canon gives him 11 years and 1 month of rule. Neferhotep was son of Haankhef, the high priest from Abydos, and Kemi. His two brothers, Sahathor and Sebekhotep IV, held rule immediately after him. Neferhotep resided at Ithi-tawi in Central Egypt. Traces of this pharaoh’s rule were found both at Byblos (Phoenicia), Aswan and Buhen in Nubia. Building activity was focused mainly near Fayum, Thebes, at Abydos and on Elephantine. Burial place of the ruler might have been pyramid at Mazghuna provided that it does not belong to Sebekhotep IV, as some scholars suggest.

23

1694
1735 (Redford)
1733 (Ryholt)
1727 (Malek)
1694 (Franke)

Tablica genealogiczna

Sahathor
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mn-wAD-ra
  • <ra>sA-HtHr (Tur.6.26)

mn-wAD-ra Menwedjre
<ra>sA-HtHr Sahathor  (Son Of Hathor)

Brother of Neferhotep I and Sebekhotep IV, ruling for a short time. Apart from Turin Canon, where data concerning  period of Sebekhotep rule did not survive, his rule is documented in rock inscriptions of Sehel and Wadi Hammamat as well as two statues of a temple of Hekaib on Elephantine.

24

1693 - 1685
1734-1725 (Redford)
1732-1720 (Ryholt)
1727-1720 (Malek)
1694-1685 (Franke)

1709-1701
(Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)
Tablica genealogiczna

Sebekhotep IV
  • anx-ib-tAwi
  • wAD-xaw
  • wsr-baw
  • xai-nfr-ra
  • sbk-Htp(w) , xai-nfr-ra sbk-Htp(w) (Tur.6.27)

 xai-nfr-ra  Khaineferre (Beautiful Is The Soul Of Re)

 sbk-Htp(w) Sebekhotep  (Sobek Is Pleased)

Stela of Edfu gives evidence of year 8 of Sebekhotep rule. He was brother of his immediate predecessors to the throne. The Royal List of Karnak places Sebekhotep immediately after Neferhotep I omitting short rule of Satathor. This ruler left numerous monuments all over Egypt giving evidence of great significance and might of his rule; many statues of Sebekhotep are known. Documented war campaign into Lower Nubia is a proof of rather offensive policy at those times, however some scholars (W. Helck) suggest that in times of Sebekhotep (or directly after they ended) there was a governmental breakdown leading to formation of few independent principalities. At the same time Hyksos might have come to the rule in Delta.

25

1685 - 1680
1725-1721 (Redford)
1720-1716 (Malek)
1720-1715 (Grimal)
1717-1712 (Ryholt)
1685-1680 (Franke)

1700-1695
(Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)
Tablica genealogiczna

Sebekhotep V
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • xai-Htp-ra (Tur.7.1)
  • sbk-Htp(w)

xai-htp-ra Khaihotepre (Perfect In Appearence, Re)
bk-Htp(w) Sebekhotep  (Sobek Is Pleased)
Sebekhotep ruled 4 years, 8 months and 29 days as stated in Turin Canon. He is also mentioned on Royal Table from Karnak. We do not know any more traces of this ruler’s existence other than these two sources.

26

1680 - 1669
1721-1712 (Redford)
1716-1706 (Malek)
1712-1701 (Ryholt)
1680-1670 (Franke)
1695-1685 (Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)

Tablica genealogiczna
Iaib
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • wAH-ib-ra
  • iai-ib , wAH-ib-ra iai-ib (Tur.7.2)
wAH-ib-ra Wahibre (Re Is Strong Of Heart)
 iai-ib Iaib  (Joyful)
The Turin Canon assigns to him ten years, eight months and twenty eight days of rule. Name of this ruler (apart from Turin Canon) survived on scarabs, a seal and stele of Sahathor. His wife was queen Khaesnebu.

27

1669 - 1656
1714-1701 (Barth)
1712-1700 (Redford)
1706-1683 (Malek)
1704-1690 (Grimal)
1701-1677 (Ryholt)
1700-1690 (Beckerath)
1684-1661 (Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)
1669-1656 (Franke)
1664-1641 (Lehner)
Tablica genealogiczna

Ai I

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-nfr-ra
  • iy
mri-nfr-ra Merineferre (Beautiful Is Desire Of Re)
iy Ai
Turin canon assigns to him a rule of 23 years, 8 months and 28 days. Evidence of his rule is disclosed both by relics in south and north of the land, among others: pyramidion from his, located presumably at Saqqara, pyramid, door-frames and stone blocks of temple at Karnak and numerous scarabs.

28

1656 - 1654
1720-1717 (Ryholt)
1656
-1654 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna
 

Sebekhotep VI
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-Htp-ra (Tur.7.4)
  • sbk-Htp(w)

mri-Htp-ra Merihotepre  (The Beloved Of Re Is Pleased)

sbk-Htp(w) Sebekhotep  (Sobek Is Pleased)

Ruler documented by Turin Canon, Royal Table, statue and stele from Karnak and stele from Abydos. Precise identity of Sebekhotep remains still controversial. D. Franke identifies him with king named Ani, the same name is regarded as ancestral name of Sebekhotep. Turin Canon ascribes him 2 years, 2 months and 9 days of rule.

e

1700-1698 (Redford)
1677-1675 (Ryholt)

1656
-1654 (Franke)
1660-1659
(Hornung, Krauss, Warburton)
 

Ini I
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-itp-ra
  • in(i)

mri-itp-ra Meriitepre

in(i) Ini

King mentioned on a scarab. D. Franke identifies him with Sebekhotep VI.

29

1654 - 1651
1698-1695 (Redford)
1675-1672 (Ryholt)
1654-1651 (Franke)

Sankhenre Sewadjtu
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sanx-n-ra swADtw (Tur.7.5)

sanx-n-ra swADtw  Sankhenre Sewadjtu
King mentioned in Turin Canon and Royal plate of Karnak. Probably he ruled 3 years and 2 months.

30

1672-1669 (Ryholt)

Ined
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-sxm-ra
  • ind , mri-sxm-ra ind (Tur.7.6)

mri-sxm-ra Merisekhemre  (Beloved Is The Rule Of Re)

mri-sxm-ra ind  Merisekhemre Ined

The ruler mentioned in Turin Canon. His throne name means Beloved is rule of Re. In J. von Beckerath and D. Franke opinionhe may be identified with Neferhotep II.

f

1650 - 1647
1695-1692 (Redford)
Neferhotep II
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-sxm-ra
  • nfr-Htp
mri-sxm-ra Merisekhemre  (Beloved Is The Rule Of Re)
nfr-Htp  Neferhotep  (Beautiful And Pleasing)
Throne name of the king, Merisekhemre, means Beloved is rule of Re. This name is identical with his predecessor’s name and due to this fact J. von Beckerat assumed they were one person. Turin Canon assigned to him 3 years and 1 month of rule.

31

1646
1691 (Redford)
1669-1664 (Ryholt)
1647 (Franke)

Hori (Hor II)
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • swAD-kA-ra (Tur.7.7)
  • Hri

swAD-kA-ra  Suadjkare 

Hri  Hori
The ruler mentioned solely in Turin Canon. According to this source he ruled no more than one year but A. Gardiner suggested 5 years.

32

1644 - 1642
1690-1688 (Redford)
1664-1662 (Ryholt)
1646-1644 (Franke)
Tablica genealogiczna

Sebekhotep VII
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-kAw-ra
  • sbk-Htp(w) , mri-kAw-[ra] sbk[-Htp(w)] (Tur.7.8)

 mri-kAw-ra  Merikawre (Beloved Is The Soul Of Re)

sbk-Htp(w)  Sebekhotep  (Sobek Is Pleased)
Ruler decumented in Turin Canon (over 2 years of rule) and royal table from Karnak and one of statues.

37

1641 - 1638
1640 (Franke)
Didumes
  • Hr wAD-xaw
  • Sd(i)-tAwi
  • ini-Htp(w)
  • Dd-Htp-ra , Dd-nfr-ra
  • Dd(w)-msi(w)
Dd-Htp-ra  Djedhotepre (The One Bringing Lasting Peace)
Dd-nfr-ra  Djedneferre (Re Is Enduring In His Perfection)
Dd(w)-msi(w)  Didumes
Two rulers of the same name or one who changed titulary during his reign. Sometimes the ruler is identified with Tutimaios (of Manetho) under whom Egypt was probably attacked by Hyksos. In D. Franke opinion Didumes might have been the contemporary of Salitis, the first Hyksos ruler.

38

Ibi III
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ...-mAat-ra (Tur.7.14)
  • ibi

...-mAat-ra  ...maatre  (Re [Is Perfect] In Maat)

ibi  Ibi

Throne name of this ruler means „[Perfect] in Maat, Re”. It is mentioned only in Turin Canon.

39

Hor III
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ...wbn-ra (Tur.7.15)
  • Hr

...wbn-ra ...benre

Hr  Hor

40

Se...kare
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • s...kA-ra (Tur.7.16)
  • ... ...

s...kA-ra  Se...kare

41

1640 (Franke)
 
Senebmiu
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • swAH.n-ra
  • snb-miiw
swAH.n-ra  Swahenre 
snb-miiw  Senebmiu
Ruler mentioned by Turin Canon, fragment of stele of Gebelein and various items from Gebelain and Deir el-Bahari.

44

1805-1780 (Ryholt)
1640 (Franke)
 

Sekhaenre
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxai.n-ra
  • ... ...

sxai.n-ra  Sekhaenre
Ruler documented in Turin Canon (?) and remains of funerary temple of Mentuhotep II in Deir el-Bahari. Ryholt places him as a first king of XIV Dynasty.

46

Merikheperre
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-xpr-ra (Tur.7.22)
  • ... ...

mri-xpr-ra  Merikheperre  (Beloved Form Of Re)

Regent named Beloved form of Re is mentioned in Turin Canon and a scarab of British Museum.

47

Merikare
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-kA-[ra] (Tur.7.23)
  • ... ...

mri-kA-[ra]  Merikare  (Beloved Is The Soul Of Re)

g

Senweseret IV ( Sesostris IV )
  • Hr wHm-anx
  • sanx-tAwi
  • nfr-xaw
  • snfr-ib-ra
  • s(i)-n-wsrt

snfr-ib-ra Seneferibre

s(i)-n-wsrt  Senweseret (Man From Weseret; Man Of Goddess Wosret)

Ruler of unknown chronology, however he should be ascribed to this dynasty. His existence and titulary are confirmed by some artifacts – royal table of Karnak, statue and fragment of stele dated to first year of his rule.

h

Montuemsaf
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • Dd-anx-ra
  • mnTw-m-sA.f

Dd-anx-ra  Djedankhre  (Eternal Is The Life Of Re)

mnTw-m-sA.f  Montuemsaf  (Monu Protects Him)

This ruler, whose throne name Dd-anx-ra means Eteral Is The Life of Re and the birth name mnTw-m-sA.f Monu protects him. Existence of Montuemsaf is confirmed by stele of Gebelein and a few scarabs.

i

1629-1628 (Ryholt)
Tablica genealogiczna 

Neferhotep III
  • Hr wAD-xaw
  • aA-pHti
  • mn...
  • sxm-ra-sanx-tAwi
  • nfr-Htp , ii-Hr-nfrwt

sxm-ra-sanx-tAwi Sekhemre Sankhtawi  (The Power Of Re Brings Life To The Two Lands)

nfr-Htp Neferhotep (Beautiful and Pleasing)

ii-Hr-nfrwt Ihernofret

King whose full titulary is known thanks to stele discovered in temple of Karanak. He is presented there as king-warrior who defends and saves a city of Thebes. For the first time in Egyptian history the blue crown is mentioned in the stele of Neferhotep. Ryholt assigned him to XVI Dynasty.

j

Mentuhotep V
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-anx-ra
  • mnTw-Htp(w)

mri-anx-ra Meriankhre  (Re Is Pleased In Life)

mnTw-Htp(w) Mentuhotep  (Montu Is Pleased)

The ruler’s throne name was mri-anx-ra, Re Is Pleased With Life. From his times remained only statue of god Sobek, found at Karnak.

k

1796 (Ryholt)

Nerkare
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • nrw-kA-ra (Tur)
  • ... ...

nrw-kA-ra Nerkare

l

Wesermontu
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • wsr-mnTw , wsr-[mn]Tw

wsr-mnTw Wesermontu  (Montu Is Strong)

Ruler named Montu Is Strong  is known from stele and limestone block from Deir el-Bahari.

m

1645-1629 (Ryholt)
Tablica genealogiczna
 

Sebekhotep VIII
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra swsr-tAwi
  • sbk-Htp(w)

sxm-ra swsr-tAwi Sekhemre Sewesertawi

sbk-Htp(w) Sebekhotep  (Sobek Is Pleased)
Ruler documented by royal table from Karnak. Stele built in the third pylon in temple in Karnak mentions fourth year of his rule. Ryholt assigned this ruler to XVI Dynasty.

n

Ini II
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mri-Sps-ra
  • ini

mri-Sps-ra  Meryshepsesre  (Beloved Is The Dignity Of Re)

ini Ini

The ruler whose throne name Beloved Is The Dignity of Re is known from the sitting statue devoted to Amun-re of Karnak.

o

Mentuhotep VI
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • swDa-ra
  • mnTw-Htp(w)

swDa-ra  Suwadjre 

mnTw-Htp(w)  Mentuhotep  (Montu Is Satisfied)
Mentuhotep VI is known to us only from a fragment from mortuary temple of Mentuhotep Nebhepetre at Deir el-Bahari.

p

Senaib
  • Hr swAD-tAwi
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mn-xaw-ra
  • snaa-ib

mn-xaw-ra Menkhauwre  (Of Invariable Incarnations Of Re)

snaa-ib Senaib (Of Mild Heart)
This king is mentioned on stele of Abydos by a name snaa-ib Of Mild Heart, and throne name  mn-xaw-ra Of Invariable Incarnations of Re. At the stele the king is presented in blue crown in front of Horus-Min.

q

Sebekhotep IX
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • mAa-ra
  • sbk-Htp(w)

mAa-ra Maare 

mAa-ra sbk-Htp(w)  Maare Sebekhotep  (Sobek Is Pleased)
King that ruled at twilight of the dynasty, confirmed on three scarabs.

r

Wepwawetemsaf
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra nfr-xaw
  • wpwAwt-m-sA.f

sxm-ra nfr-xaw  Sekhemre Neferkhaw 

wpwAwt-m-sA.f  Wepwawetemsaf  (Wepwawet Is My Protection)
The ruler’s name means Wepwawet is my Protection  and is confirmed at stela of Abydos and hieratic graffito in a tomb of prince Amenemhat at Beni Hasan.

s

Hor Meritaui
  • Hr mri-tAwi
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...

t

ok. 1750 (Altemüller)

Sebekai
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sbk<A>y

sbk<A>y Sebekai

u

ok. 1750 (Altemüller)

Khuiiker
  • Hr mrwti
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • xwi-iqr

xwi-iqr Khuiiker 
The king’s existence is testified in  Turin Canon and architrave with his name found at Abydos by Sir W.F. Petrie.

x

Tablica genealogiczna Seankhptah
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • s-HqA-n-ra
  • sA-anx-ptH

s-HqA-n-ra Sekhekaenre

sA-anx-ptH Seankhptah

y

Tablica genealogiczna Sakare
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sA(?)-kA-ra

sA(?)-kA-ra Sa(?)kare

to XII dynasty

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