sequence of rulers of 0 Dynasty based on W. Kaiser proposition. All the
rulers, apart from Scorpion, were buried in the
Umm el-Qaab necropolis nearby Abydos and plausibly they belong to one
family line of rulers. These tombs appear smaller than those of pharaohs of
the Dynasty I which are located in a near vicinity. All rulers form common
Tanis line. The exception is king Scorpion whose origin remains unknown.
sealing of this ruler shows serekh
surmounted by two falcons – no name is specified. Burial place – Umm
el-Qaab nearby Abydos
( Nu-Hor )
An interpretation of this name remains controversial and serekhs
with this name was found in Tura and Tarkhan. Some scholars suggest it
is a cursive inscription of the name Narmer.
His Horus name means
(according to Kaiser).
( Hatj-Hor )
His name still remains questionable. To him probably belongs a
on vessel from Tura.
Serekhs with name of this
ruler were found on vessel in Qustul
and stone inscriptions near Armant
on the West Desert
with this ruler's name were found at eastern Delta and at a piece of
pottery from Tura. Helck identifies him with one of two defeated chiefs
presented at Narmer's Palette and
reads his name as
Hr rA , iri
king buried in tomb B1-B2 in
the Umm el-Qaab necropolis. Some scholars (T. Wilkinson) do not deny
existence of this ruler. Reading of his name is also controversial – „
Belonging to Horus”. This view is not shared by J. von Beckerath and W.
Helck. The name Iry-Hor is confirmed by seal print of Zawiyet
Ka( Sehen )
Hr kA , Hr shn
ruler buried in B7-B9 tomb in the
Umm el-Qaab necropolis. In some scholars’ opinion (P. Kaplony) he was
named Sehen. Others, being in minority, contradict his identity.
to be an usurper who ruled over Delta or part of it, possibly at times
of Narmer. Serekh was found in a tomb 315 at Tarkhan. Some scholars read
out the name of Ka or Scorpion on it.
Hr wha , sqr (?)
king os known to us thank to fragments of two (?) mace-heads of
Hierankopolis and table of Abydos that survived until now. According to
G. Drayer this ruler followed pharaoh Aha of
Dynasty I. Some scholars (Krauss & Franke) believe that there were two
persons identified by this same name. Thus, Scorpion I lived around year
3150 and was predecessor of Egyptian pharaohs. To him also belonged
multi-chambered tomb U-j at Abydos, discovered in 1988 by German
expedition. The king known from mace of Hierakonpolis in turn, was
Scorpion II and to him belonged either one-chambered tomb at
Hierakonpolis or B50 complex at the necropolis at Abydos. In W.
Helck’s opinion king Scorpion preceded Iry-Hor from Hierakonpolis
Mace's head of king Scorpion from Hieraconpolis, h=32 cm