Great King who succeeded (not without difficulty) in once again reducing Egypt
to a satrapy (342 b.c.e.) struck coins depicting him dressed as a Persian but
crowned with the pshent. Notaries writing in Demotic were obliged to date their
legal documents to Pharaoh Artaxerxes,
but the people would recount that this emperor had made a banquet of the Apis
bull and the ram of Mendes. After his death (338 b.c.e.), a native king,
Khababash, was recognized for a time. In 330 b.c.e., after downfall of
Darius III Codomanus, Alexander substituted a new
domination. To view the transcription
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342 - 338
had lead two campaigns against Egypt. The first failed due to
pestilence, which occurred within Persian army. The second campaign, in
342 BC, resulted in defeat of much weaker Egyptian army which was a
start of a occupation period filled up with terror, numerous massacres,
profanation of temples and violence. Numerous Egyptian statues had been
carried out to Persia at these times. Artaxerxes
III died in 338 BC, poisoned on Bagoas' order.
338 - 335
The ruler put on the
throne by Persian army commander Bagoas, as a successor of Artaxerxes
337 - 335/4
xbS , xbbS
of the magnates of the Upper Egypt who, being supported by
oppressed population he assumed a title of the pharaoh. He
never succeeded to overtake the rule. According to the records he
concealed himself from Persians in swampy and remote parts of the Nile.
His existence is disclosed by: stela of Ptolemy I
satraps, demotic papyrus dated to the year 1 of his rule, Apis
sarcophagus of his second year and amulet with his name which was found
in the tomb of Horemheb at Memphis. The name
xbS , xbbS
is probably of Libyan origin.
was the son of Arsames and Ostames, one of Artaxerxes brothers. As
new king, took the name Darius, and soon sought to become independent of
his assassin benefactor. He was the last Persian
ruler of Egipt. Defeated decisively by Alexander
the Great in October 1, 331 BC in the battle at Gaugamela. He
escaped from Alexander who was conquering successive Persian cities. Murdered by his own
officers (Bessus) in July 330 BC.