Thirtieth Dynasty took up the torch of the Twenty-ninth (Mendesian) Dynasty when
Nectanebo, a general from Sebennytos, dethroned Nepherites II by force. In
thirty-eight years, three pharaohs — Nectanebo I, Djedhor and Nectanebo II —
wrote the history of the
dynasty, succeeding, despite palace
crises, in dotting the land with splendid monuments of stone and maintaining a
prosperous, independent status for Egypt, which remained alone in the face of
the enormous Persian empire. In the temples, they undertook vast programs of
architectural embellishment, including enclosure walls, propylons, processional
roads, shrines, and monoliths.
|xpr-kA-ra Kheperkare (The Ka Of Re Has Come Into Being)|
|nxt-nb.f Nekhetnebef (Strong Of His Lord)|
Nectanebo (Nectanebos) is a Greek form of Egyptian name: Nekhet-nebef (nxt-nb.f). Founder of the last true Egyptian dynasty. Gained protection of priests from Sais by assigning to them a part of import taxes imposed to the city of Naucratis. He concluded a treaty with Athens but after a time Greek chieftain Khabias and considerable part of Greek mercenaries were recalled back to Athens. Subsequently, Egypt was attacked by Artaxerxes II, whose mighty army of 200 thousand soldiers was commanded by Syrian satrap Farnabasos. They reached as far as to the eastern Delta in 373 BC. Nile inundation prevented Persians from continuing their march and forced them to retreat. Nectanebo was remembered as a great builder, left numerous monuments as a testimony of the splendour of his reign.
Djedhor ( Takhos, Teos )
|iri-mAat-n-ra Irimaatenre (Who Brings Forth The Order Of Re)|
Son and successor of Nectanebo I. He continued the politics adopted by his father and lead to increased imposition of duties paid for Greek mercenaries. Disfavoured by clergy, confiscated a lot of temple treasuries. To this period are dated the first preserved Egyptian coins. He personally lead a successful campaign to Syria, supported at the sea by 200 triers. At that time in Egypt his brother, who was a regent, rebelled against him and declared king his own son – Nectanebo II, while Teos fled to Persia.
|snDm-ib-ra stp.n-imn Senedjemibre Setepenamun (Chosen Of Amun) (?)|
|nxt-Hr-(n)-Hbyt (mri-HtHr) Nekhetherhebet Merihathor (Horus Strong Of Hebet ; Beloved Of Hathor)|
|nxt-Hr-(n)-Hbyt Nekhetherhebet (Horus Strong Of Hebet)|
(Nectanebos) is a Greek form of Egyptian name:
Nectanebo II was the last king of true Egyptian dynasty. In 350 BC
Persian expedition against Egypt fails due to pestilence outburst in
Persian army. However few years later a mighty army of 300 thousand
Persian soldiers, lead by Artaxerxes
defeated much weaker Egyptians. Nectanebo hat to flee to the south where
he had survived for some time thereafter until finally disappeared
without leaving any trace.
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