sequence of rulers of Dynasties IX and X is very problematic. These
intellectuals - as generally accepted, are well known thanks to either splendid
monuments or relics of literature or finally – military contacts with Theban
nomarchs. They formed local dynasties.
They are ignored in tables of Abydos and Saqqara.
Chronological sequence of their names, let
alone the dating, causes many difficulties, at least for present state of
knowledge. In case of some rulers it is even impossible to assign them
specifically to any of the two Dynasties.
In case of some rulers it is difficult to ascribe them with certainty to
any of the two dynasties IX or X, especially that identifying two dynasties
ruling at that time by Manetho seems to be a mistake. To view the transcription of kings titulary properly,
download and install transliteration font.
V ( Akhtoy V )
Khety VI ( Akhtoy VI )
(Golden Are The Souls Of Re)
to J. von Beckerath he was father of Merikare and author of the famous
Precepts. Other scholars however
suggest that he was his predecessor, possibly Merikare’s grandfather.
VII ( Akhtoy VII )
Xty , sA-ra Xty
Precepts for king Merikare
in which he instructs his son how to deal with the royalty. After a
description of social crisis, taking place in the I Intermediate
Period, the ruler explains the ways to restore order and regain a
lost glory of the monarchy. The Precepts
are the top achievement in the period of so-called moralistic
literature, in which the very sublime ethical aspects alternate with
subtle analysis of the rules of internal and external politics.
mry-kA-ra , mri-kA-ra
(Beloved Is The Soul Of Re)
of Achtoes (Kheti). He was the addressee of famous
inscribed in hieratic papyrus now deposed in St. Petersburg, Russia.
At the times of king Merikare Thebes were ruled by Antef II and
Antef III. He was buried in pyramid called
WAD-swt-mry-kA-ra (Places of Merikare enjoy prosperity),
built at Saqqara. Its precise location is unknown but it might have
the ruined pyramid east of pyramid
of Teti at Saqqara.