to VIII dynasty

IXth Dynasty 2140 - c.2100
 ( Herakleopolis )

to XI dynasty

A sequence of rulers of Dynasties IX and X is very problematic. These intellectuals - as generally accepted, are well known thanks to either splendid monuments or relics of literature or finally – military contacts with Theban nomarchs. They formed local dynasties. They are ignored in tables of Abydos and Saqqara. Chronological sequence of their names, let alone the dating, causes many difficulties, at least for present state of knowledge. In case of some rulers it is even impossible to assign them specifically to any of the two Dynasties. In case of some rulers it is difficult to ascribe them with certainty to any of the two dynasties IX or X, especially that identifying two dynasties ruling at that time by Manetho seems to be a mistake.
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1

  Khety I ( Akhtoy I )
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  • Xty , Achthoes (Man)

Xty Khety

In Manetho’s opinion he was extremely cruel ruler. He ended up devoured by crocodile after he had fallen to the Nile in attack of fury. However authenticity of this story is rather dubious. It is almost certain that Khety was an official or prince of the XX nome in Upper Egypt and after the decline of the Memphite dynasty VIII obtained a function of regent. He founded his residence at Herakleopolis, with no doubt his place of origin

3

Neferkare (III)
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  • nfr-kA-ra (Tur.4.20)
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nfr-kA-ra Neferkare (Beautiful Is The Soul [Ka] Of Re)

Regent of Heracleopolitan Kingdom. Possibly he should be identified with a king named Neferkare and mentioned in biographic text of Ankhtify, nomarch of Hierakonpolis and prince of Moala, less than 30 km south of Thebes. Ankhtify led a coalition of his own and the Edfu nomes against the Thebans.

4

Khety II ( Akhtoy II )
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  • Xty (Tur.4.21)

Xty Khety

5

Senen...
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  • snn... (Tur.4.22)

snn...Senen...

6

Khety III ( Akhtoy III )
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  • Xt[y sA]nfr-kA-ra (Tur.4.23)
Xt[y sA]
Khety Sa
Xty
Khety

7

Khety IV ( Akhtoy IV )
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  • mri-...[-ra] Xty , [mr-ib-ra ?] Xty (Tur.4.24)
mri-...[-ra] Xty Meri..re Khety
mr-ib-ra Xty  Meribre Khety
Xty Khety

8

Shed...
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  • Sd... (Tur.4.25)

Sd...  Shed...

9

H...
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  • H... (Tur.4.26)

H... H...

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